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About the Maps
For each species, we feature an image of a Virginia map showing the distribution of its wild populations, broken down by county and region. Each species is found in areas of suitable habitat throughout its marked range. The frequency at which it is found is shown in red, as seen in the key above. While looking at the maps, it's important to remember that these show the natural dispersal of each species, and when species are shown as less frequent, this is typically from a natural lack of suitable habitat in the area. For example, if a species is shown as very infrequent on its map, it is likely because this species prefers a specialized habitat that isn't found often throughout Virginia (such as high elevation rock cliffs, etc.). This same species may be common in another state that has more of an abundance of this habitat, where as Virginia is just not meant to support larger populations of this plant.
Info credit for all maps: Digital Atlas of the Flora of Virginia, vaplantatlas.org
-Flora of Virginia (2012)
-Peterson Field Guides: Wildflowers Northeastern/Northcentral North America, Roger Tory Peterson, Margaret McKenny
-Piedmont Native Plants: A Guide for Landscapes and Gardens
-National Wildlife Federation: Field Guide to Trees of North America, Kershner, Mathews, Nelson, Spellenberg
-Newcomb's Wildflower Guide, Lawrence Newcomb
-Digital Atlas of the Virginia Flora, vaplantatlas.org
-Illinois Wildflowers, illinoiswildflowers.info
-Virginia Native Plant Society, vnps.org
-The Xerces Society, xerces.org
Medium to Dry Soil, Shade
The native plants in this group thrive in areas that receive filtered sunlight throughout the day or morning sunlight for less than 3 hours and well-drained, dry to medium soil. Plants that grow in shady areas like these are generally shorter than those in sunny areas. The main bloom time for these species is spring and fall--spring ephemerals bloom early, their foliage dying back as weather warms to make room for fall-blooming asters, goldenrods, and sunflowers. Sedges and ferns are staple species in this category, as well as shrubs and understory trees that naturally grow near woodland edges and in areas that get filtered sunlight. Adapted to drier areas, these plants don't need to be watered once established, typically after the first few weeks of planting.